Litter Prevention in Multi-Family Buildings

Multi-family dwellings (MFDs) often have particularly high litter rates, making them a key source of contamination. However, outreach can be very effective in reducing littering behavior.

MFD Litter Kit Website2

The Clean Water Program conducted a series of pilots in the City of Livermore in the spring of 2014, and developed a set of best practices, see MFD Litter Reduction Pilot Report linked below. Based on these learnings, the Program also put together a campaign kit so municipalities and other entities can design and implement MFD outreach campaigns. You can view and/or download the MFD Litter Reduction Campaign Manual and the MFD Litter Reduction Campaign Elements with all related files on this page.

MFD Litter Reduction Pilot Report (PDF, 3.6MB)
This document provides background and detailed results from the 2014 pilot projects on which the MFD Litter Reduction Manual is based.

MFD Litter Reduction Campaign Kit:

MFD Litter Reduction Campaign Manual (PDF, 1.2MB)
This document outlines the campaign, describes the campaign elements and provides guidance for implementation.

MFD Litter Reduction Campaign Elements (zip file, 130MB)
Includes design files of the campaign logo, signs and poster, as well as letter and newsletter templates. Please refer to the manual linked above for use of these elements.
Note: Various file formats are provided for some campaign elements. Please refer to the manual to select the file format most appropriate for your purpose.

Related Resources:

San Mateo Countywide Water Pollution Prevention Program: Multi-Family Dwellings Litter Reduction Toolkit
Includes litter prevention and reduction best practices at existing and newly constructed multi-family dwellings, including structural and operational considerations.


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